Spit Restraint™ Instructor

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Spit Restraint™ Instructor Qualification ProgramComing Spring 2021

Findings from the seminal 2021 IPICD spit mask survey (n=523) done in collaboration with the Americans for Effective Law Enforcement (AELE) found approximately 42% of respondents never received spit mask training, even though approximately 85% of them reported their law enforcement agency authorized their use. Approximately 51% reported they were never tested about spit masks. 

Putting spit masks on individuals by law enforcement officers (LEO) is a use of force requiring compliance with Constitutional standards of care, and with any applicable more restrictive state statutory or regulatory standards. Surprisingly, approximately 68% (n=357) of survey respondents did not know or believe that applying a spit mask is a use of force. 

Following a March 2020 high profile, temporal, arrest-related death of an agitated and combative person where a spit mask was applied by an LEO, “spit hoods” arose again as a hotly debated controversial device. The agitated person’s causes of death included Excited Delirium and “complications of asphyxia in the setting of physical restraint.” A natural sequel to the IPICD “Recognizing and Managing Abnormal Breathing” tuition-free User-Level program, this approximately four-hour long Spit Restraint Instructor qualification program consists of 14 lessons that discuss the following topics:

  • Spit mask definitions, nomenclature, and purposes
  • Hooding: A brief history 
  • OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard
  • Scientific studies of disease transmission via aerosol, saliva, biting
  • Spit Mask scientific study findings
  • Spit mask legal update, including manufacturer warnings
  • Spit Masks: Designs and use considerations
  • Spit Masks: application guidelines, deviations, and medical issues
  • Spit Masks: Policy, procedure, and/or rule recommendations
  • Spit Masks: Training recommendations (documentation, medical, etc.)
  • Spit Masks: Assessing Learner competency (Resourced-based learning)
  • Spit Masks: Case Studies

Approximately 40% of IPICD spit mask survey respondents are interested in taking spit mask instructor training. Based upon this response, the IPICD staff believe it has a social responsibility to provide a peer-reviewed, timely, objective, legally-, scientifically-, and evidence-based program to help save lives, to help save careers, and to help save money by minimizing or avoiding costly litigation. 

Delivery formats: Virtually Instructor-Led (live) or ON-DEMAND.

Length: Approximately 4 hours.

Cost:  $95 per person. Includes lesson guide, Learner Companion™, reprinted articles, sample User-Level assessment, microlearning videos, and qualification certificate after successfully completion of an online assessment and spit mask demonstration video.

Required materials: Agency-authorized spit mask, computer with sound, computer monitor, internet access, keyboard, mouse (touch screen), comfortable chair or seat, printer, video recording device, and writing instrument for taking notes.